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Paper WeP105.3

Maddern, William (Queensland University of Technology), Milford, Michael J (Queensland University of Technology), Wyeth, Gordon (Queensland University of Technology)

Continuous Appearance-Based Trajectory SLAM

Scheduled for presentation during the Regular Sessions "SLAM III" (WeP105), Wednesday, May 11, 2011, 14:10−14:25, Room 3G

2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May 9-13, 2011, Shanghai International Conference Center, Shanghai, China

This information is tentative and subject to change. Compiled on December 8, 2019

Keywords Localization, SLAM, Mapping

Abstract

This paper describes a novel probabilistic approach to incorporating odometric information into appearance-based SLAM systems, without performing metric map construction or calculating relative feature geometry. The proposed system, dubbed Continuous Appearance-based Trajectory SLAM (CAT-SLAM), represents location as a probability distribution along a trajectory, and represents appearance continuously over the trajectory rather than at discrete locations. The distribution is evaluated using a Rao-Blackwellised particle filter, which weights particles based on local appearance and odometric similarity and explicitly models both the likelihood of revisiting previous locations and visiting new locations. A modified resampling scheme counters particle deprivation and allows loop closure updates to be performed in constant time regardless of map size. We compare the performance of CAT-SLAM to FAB-MAP (an appearance-only SLAM algorithm) in an outdoor environment, demonstrating a threefold increase in the number of correct loop closures detected by CAT-SLAM.

 

 

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