ICRA 2011 Paper Abstract

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Paper WeA113.2

Pile, Jason (Vanderbilt University), Mei, Cheung (Columbia University), Zhang, Jian (Intuitive Surgical), Simaan, Nabil (Vanderbilt University)

Algorithms and Design Considerations for Robot Assisted Insertion of Perimodiolar Electrode Arrays

Scheduled for presentation during the Regular Sessions "Medical Robots I" (WeA113), Wednesday, May 11, 2011, 08:35−08:50, Room 5I

2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May 9-13, 2011, Shanghai International Conference Center, Shanghai, China

This information is tentative and subject to change. Compiled on December 8, 2019

Keywords Medical Robots and Systems, Kinematics, Motion and Path Planning

Abstract

This paper evaluates the potential for using robotic assistance for the insertion of commercial Perimodiolar Electrode Arrays (PEA's) that use a stylet and a pre-curved electrode body. We propose an algorithm for coordinated robotic insertion of the pre-curved electrode body and pulling of the stylet in order to provide partial control over the PEA shape. However, for robotic insertion to be a viable option for PEA's, an understanding of the statistical variability of their characteristics is essential. This paper investigates the kinematics of PEA's, their shape variability, and their expected performance during robotic insertion. An investigation of the required number of Degrees of Freedom (DoF) and the workspace is presented. A study of shape variability is carried out for characterizing shape repeatability across different insertion trials using the same electrode array. Also a study of shape variability is carried out between different electrode arrays. We simulate and evaluate the expected performance of three and four DoF robotic instruments for PEA insertion. The results support our proposed algorithm for coordinated insertion of the electrode array body and pulling of the stylet. They show that existing commerical perimodiolar arrays provide good shape repeatability. These results also point to the need for designing robotic insertion tools with at least four DoF. We believe that these results provide guidelines for future robotic instrument design for cochlear impl

 

 

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